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Fireproof board, UV board, melamine board, solid wood board... Can you tell the difference

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-11-09      Origin: Site

There are various classification standards for cabinets, some according to the door panel material, some according to the style type, in the final analysis, the cabinets are classified according to the cabinet door panels.

Common in the conventional classification are: double veneer, fireproof board, UV board, melamine board, PET board, metal board, crystal board, carbon light board, paint board, blister board (molded board), solid wood board, etc.


double finish

The double-veneer panel is also called melamine board. The base material is particle board (solid wood particle board). The production process is to soak paper with different colors or textures in melamine resin adhesive, and then dry it to a certain degree of curing. It is mounted on the surface of the substrate and formed by hot pressing.

Advantages: environmental protection, non-deformation, certain wear resistance, high temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, corrosion resistance, anti-penetration performance, more styles, natural and vivid colors, strong decoration; relatively stable quality of plates suitable for modern or simple Cabinet style.

Disadvantages: The door panel cannot be bent to make a shape, the waterproofness is relatively poor, simple and simple, not high-grade.

Fireproof board

The fireproof board is made of multi-layer kraft paper impregnated with phenolic resin and a layer of decorative paper impregnated with melamine pressed at high temperature, referred to as HPL.

The fireproof door panel is a fireproof board that is pasted on the base material of medium density board or particle board by hot pressing or cold pressing. Its structure is divided into three layers, the first layer is fireproof board, the second layer is MDF and particle board as the base material, and the third layer is balance board.

Advantages: bright color, smooth surface, wear-resistant, heat-resistant and open-fire resistance, scratch-resistant and easy to clean, rich in color and good stability, its performance is better than double-veneer panels.

Disadvantages: The door panel cannot be bent to make a shape, the waterproofness is relatively poor, simple and simple, not high-grade.

UV plate

UV is the abbreviation of ultraviolet light in English. UV light curing is to absorb the energy of strong ultraviolet rays, thereby triggering reactions such as chemical polymerization and cross-linking, so that the liquid can be cured within 3 to 5 seconds. Environmentally friendly finishing material cured by strong ultraviolet light after spray coating.

Advantages: bright surface treatment, bright color, strong visual impact, environmental protection, high brightness, wear resistance and aging resistance, easy to clean. The surface hardness of UV board is as high as 4H, which is not easy to be scratched, and can withstand high temperature of 400-500 degrees. UV light curing paint is stable in nature, does not contain any volatile compounds, is non-toxic and tasteless, and is an environmentally friendly paint that meets the European E1 environmental protection standard.

Disadvantages: high cost, high requirements on mechanical equipment and process technology, difficult to do modeling, must be edge-sealed, usually metal edge-sealing, once the edge-sealing is loose, it will affect the use, which normally does not happen.

PET board

The polymer composite board uses PET as the raw material and does not contain any harmful volatile substances. PET is widely used in all kinds of food, medicine, non-toxic and sterile packaging, such as plastic wrap, beverage bottles, edible oil packaging bottles are all made of PET materials.

Advantages: The surface layer has a certain thickness, avoiding impurities and air bubbles, and ensuring the smoothness and gloss of the entire door panel. Due to direct sunlight or the passage of time, the UV board will change color and cause color difference, but the polymer composite board has excellent color and brightness, consistent color, and will not lose color for a long time.

This kind of PET is a composite material with very high adhesion. The surface layer is thicker than the surface layer of ordinary door panels. During processing, imported PUR glue is used to bond with the panels, which cannot be peeled off horizontally. The bonding place can withstand a temperature of 180 ℃, the hardness is greater than 6H, breaking the history of high-end cabinets must be delicate.

Disadvantages: high cost, unable to do modeling

Metal plate

Metal door panel is one of the more popular door panels on the market at present, which is avant-garde, fashionable, gorgeous, personalized and a sense of the times. Its structure is a high-quality medium density board with a special treatment, and a dense protective layer is formed on the surface of the aluminum-magnesium alloy plate, stainless steel plate and other metal plates.

Advantages: heat resistance, impact resistance, corrosion resistance, easy scrubbing, long service life, and has a hazy art decorative effect in modern aesthetic design techniques.

Disadvantages: The color is monotonous and mostly cool. If the edging is not handled well, the inner lining is prone to mildew, and it is generally matched with metal door panels.

crystal plate

The base material of crystal door panel is MDF or particle board, and the base material of high-quality crystal door panel is fine wood board. After the surface is treated with spray paint, a layer of acrylic with a thickness of about 2-3mm is pasted to make the door look crystal clear, hence the name crystal board. Due to the material, the edge of the crystal door should be sealed with aluminum alloy to prevent the pasted acrylic from cracking or falling off due to impact.

Advantages: bright color, rich color, easy to clean, various shapes.

Disadvantages: not wear-resistant, easy to leave scratches. It is easy to expand and contract with heat and cause deformation, and the surface corners are easy to warp.

Painted board

The base material of the lacquer board is made of medium density board, and the surface is baked with imported paint (three bottoms, two sides, and one light) at high temperature for six times. At present, the "baking paint" used for cabinets only describes one process, that is, the door panel of the base material is treated with paint after being sprayed and heated and dried in the drying room.

Advantages: The painted door panel is bright in color, has a strong visual impact, a strong sense of hierarchy, is beautiful and fashionable, has good sealing performance against humid air, and has a smooth surface. Strong anti-fouling ability, easy to clean; surface paint can effectively waterproof, moisture-proof, no need for edge sealing, no oil seepage, no fading.

Disadvantages: high cost, poor wear resistance, scratch resistance, and impact resistance: not resistant to strong acid and alkali, there is a risk of color difference, and must be carefully cared for during use.

Blister board/molded board

Blister cabinets are also known as molded cabinets. Blister door panels are one of the three main materials for European kitchen cabinet doors. Blister door panels, also known as molded door panels, use MDF as the base material. It is formed by hot pressing and vacuum forming with PVC veneer.

The blister door panel has many advantages such as rich colors, unique and diverse shapes, and the door panel is not easy to deform. Because the four sides of the door panel can be sealed into one after the blister molding, no need to seal the edge again, and there will be no problem of edge sealing and opening of the board. .

Advantages: Since the base material is processed by the blister process, the four sides of the door panel can be sealed into one body, and no edge sealing is required, which solves the problems of some boards being glued for a long time and being easily eroded by water. Unique, rich in three-dimensional sense, with many changes in surface shape and plane, and strong expressiveness.

Disadvantages: The quality problem that is prone to occur in the PVC blister board is that the surface of the PVC veneer is worn or the veneer is blistered and cracked. This phenomenon may be caused by processing technical problems or the characteristics and quality of the board itself.

solid wood board

The base material of the solid wood door panel is log, which is spliced after mechanical cutting, and the surface is painted. Widely used in high-end kitchen cabinets. Using solid wood to make cabinet doors, the style is mostly classical, and the price is usually higher.

The door frame is solid wood, mainly in cherry, walnut and oak colors. The door core is made of medium density board and solid wood veneer. During the production, the surface of the solid wood is generally made of concave and convex shapes, and the outside is sprayed with paint, so as to maintain the original wood color and beautiful shape. In this way, the special visual effect of solid wood can be guaranteed, and the combination of the frame and the core board can ensure the strength of the door panel.

Advantages: It retains the unique texture and texture of natural wood, and has the effect of returning to nature and returning to nature. The style is elegant, luxurious and solemn.

Disadvantages: The gap is easy to be stained with oil, and it is not easy to clean; there are few color choices, and it cannot resist strong acid and alkali. The pretreatment of logs is very important, otherwise it is easy to crack and deform.